Secretary of State Asks Federal Judge to Dismiss Fair Fight Lawsuit
Attorneys for Georgia’s new secretary of state have asked a federal judge to dismiss a sweeping lawsuit demanding large-scale reforms of the state’s election system, claiming the secretary doesn’t implement state election laws.
But testimony by the secretary of state’s director for the Center for Elections Systems during a recent trial contesting the lieutenant governor’s election, demonstrated that the secretary of state is largely the architect of state elections and provides county officials the blueprints—and software—to run them.
The suit was filed by a new nonprofit organization—Fair Fight Action—founded by Democrat Stacey Abrams after she ended her gubernatorial campaign but refused to formally concede to Republican Brian Kemp. Kemp the was secretary of state and chairman of the State Election Board before he was elected governor. The suit names the secretary of state, the election board and its members as defendants.
The lawsuit seeks to end many of the policies affecting Georgia’s elections that Kemp implemented while secretary of state and that Abrams repeatedly branded as voter suppression. Kemp remained secretary of state as he campaigned for governor and while ballots were still being contested after the election. He stepped down and declared himself the winner shortly after the election as a federal judge was considering a lawsuit to forcibly remove him.
Fair Fight’s suit alleges broad constitutional, civil rights and voting rights violations, as well as significant breaches of federal election laws. It asks the federal court to take jurisdiction over Georgia’s elections so that no policy, standard, practice or procedure governing them may be enacted without court approval.
For nearly 40 years, the U.S. Justice Department’s civil rights division handled that role—policing Georgia’s elections and those of eight other states under the Voting Rights Act of 1965. But DOJ’s role ended in 2013 when the U.S. Supreme Court invalidated a key provision of the Voting Rights Act that required preapproval of changes in election laws and voting procedures.
Fair Fight Action and Care in Action are represented by Atlanta attorney Allegra Lawrence-Hardy and a team of lawyers from Atlanta’s Lawrence & Bundy; Elizabeth Tanis, a retired King & Spalding partner, and husband John Chandler, a former partner at Atlanta’s Sutherland, Asbill & Brennan (now Eversheds Sutherland); and Kurt Kastorf of Atlanta’s The Summerville Firm. Plaintiffs’ counsel also include attorneys from KaiserDillon, Miller & Chevalier Chartered, Jenner & Block, and Sandler Reiff lamb Rosenstein & Birkenstock in Washington, D.C.
The state’s motion to dismiss the Fair Fight suit sidesteps the extent of the secretary of state’s involvement in all state elections. Its website says the elections division “organizes and oversees all election activity, including voter registration, municipal, state, county, and federal elections” and is “responsible for certification of election results as well as certifying the qualification of candidates and preparation of ballots and election forms and materials.”
Michael Barnes—hired by Kemp as director of the Center for Elections Systems—elaborated on the degree to which the secretary of state orchestrates state elections in court testimony earlier this month.
According to Barnes, the Elections Division
- Does database programming for all of the state’s elections.
- Houses and operates the system that generates the databases used by every county and sends those databases to the counties and encrypted CDs to carry out each election.
- Oversees all voting equipment used across the state, most of which is also owned—and controlled—by the state rather than the counties.
- Constructs the election databases for all 159 counties.
- Builds and designs ballots used in every jurisdiction across the state.
According to Richard Barron, Fulton County’s elections director who also testified, the secretary of state maintains the state voter registration system. Every voting precinct in the state accesses the state system via electronic poll books that tell poll workers whether a voter is eligible to vote and selects the correct ballot.
Memory cards that operate every electronic voting machine used by the counties are programmed utilizing the databases provided by the secretary of state, he said.
The secretary of state maintains so much oversight that even after the secretary was dismissed from a lawsuit challenging the election of Lt. Gov. Geoff Duncan over apparent anomalies in the ballot tallies, the secretary’s counsel instructed Fulton County election officials as to how and whether to carry out court-ordered discovery involving its electronic voting machines.
Fulton County lawyers explained at the time that the voting machines are owned by the state and the secretary of state “is the chief election officer and oversees the unified voting system in Georgia.”
Fair Fight CEO Lauren Groh-Wargo, Abrams’ former campaign manager, suggested Tuesday that the state “continues to pretend they are not culpable of disenfranchisement.”
“Our lawsuit will lay out compelling and irrefutable evidence of an interlocking system of voter suppression that has unfairly impacted election outcomes in our communities and that cannot be allowed to stand,” she said.